republic Turkmenistan ? No ;This is iranian region , Khwarezm of Iran

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sogdia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khwarezm 

 

I want to tell you a story ; The old, old story ; One bitter story ; A story full of pain , The story of a forgotten that needs to be recalled; A story to honor those who lost their homes and their land , and A story to honor those who with Violence and deception were forced to leave their homes . A story of those who fought and died in defense of their own land ; A story of injustice and oppression , plunder and pillage that should not be forgotten , Tales of the house burning and bleeding , attempt to burning and destroy Iranian Culture.

Tales of incidents , incidents if did that happen in this century would like the story of Israel and the Palestinians or like the story of the Armenians and Turcs

But in earlier times. There was no photographic apparatus There was no  Camcorder device , No newspaper and no radio, no television, no Internet, but Should not forget this story..

This Story is Isolated territories of Iran, our Khwarezm

 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 

What means turkmenistan ?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkmen_people

sassanid empire

Origins

Originally, all Turkic tribes that were not part of the Turkic dynastic mythological system (for example, Uigurs, Karluks, Kalaches and a number of other tribes) were designated "Turkmens". Only later did this word come to refer to a specific ethnonym. The etymology of the term derives from Türk plus the Sogdian affix of similarity -myn ,-men, and means "resembling a Türk" or "co-Türk". A prominent Turkic scholar, Mahmud Kashgari, also mentions the etymology Türk manand (like Turks). The language and ethnicity of the Turkmen were much influenced by their migration to the west. Kashgari calls the Karluks Turkmen as well, but the first time the etymology Turkmen was used was by Makdisi in the second half of the 10th-century AD. Like Kashgari, he wrote that the Karluks and Oghuz Turks were called Turkmen. Some modern scholars have proposed that the element -man/-men acts as an intensifier, and have translated the word as "pure Turk" or "most Turk-like of the Turks: Among Muslim chroniclers such as Ibn Kathir the etymology was attributed to the mass conversion of two hundred thousand households in AH 349 (971 CE), causing them to be named Turk Iman, which is a combination of "Turk" and "Iman" إيمان (faith, belief), meaning "believing Turks", with the term later dropping the hard-to-pronounce hamza.

Historically, all of the Western or Oghuz Turks have been called Türkmen or Turkoman  however, today the terms are usually restricted to two Turkic groups: the Turkmen people of Turkmenistan and adjacent parts of Central Asia, and the Turkomans of Iraq and Syria.

During the Ottoman period these nomads were known by the names of Türkmen and Yörük or Yürük (Türkic "Nomad", other phonetic variations include Iirk, Iyierk, Hiirk, Hirkan, Hircanae, Hyrkan, Hyrcanae, the last four known from the Greek annals).  These names were generally used to describe their nomadic way of life, rather than their ethnic origin. However, these terms were often used interchangeably by foreigners. At the same time, various other exoethnonym words were used for these nomads, such as 'Konar-göçer', 'Göçebe', 'Göçer-yörük', 'Göçerler', and 'Göçer-evliler'. The most common one among these was 'Konar-göçer' - nomadic Turcoman Turks. All of these words are found in Ottoman archival documents and carry only the meaning of 'nomad'.

The modern Turkmen people descend, at least in part, from the Oghuz Turks of Transoxiana, the western portion of Turkestan, a region that largely corresponds to much of Central Asia as far east as Xinjiang. Oghuz tribes had moved westward from the Altay mountains in the 7th-century CE, through the Siberian steppes, and settled in this region. They also penetrated as far west as the Volga basin and the Balkans. These early Turkmens are believed to have mixed with native Sogdian peoples and lived as pastoral nomads until the Russian conquest of the 19th-century.

Persia 1808

Genetic evidence

 

A Turkmen man of Afghanistan in traditional clothes, around 1905–1915.

Genetic studies on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) restriction polymorphism confirmed that Turkmen were characterized by the presence of local Iranian mtDNA lineages, similar to the Eastern Iranian populations, but high male Mongoloid genetic component observed in Turkmens and Eastern Iranian populations with the frequencies of about 20%. Phenotype diversity can be discerned amongst the Turkmen, who exhibit full continuum between northern Mongoloid and MediterraneanCaucasoid physical types. This most likely indicates an ancestral combination of Iranian groups and Mongol that the modern Turkmen have inherited and which appears to correspond to the historical record which indicates that various Iranian tribes existed in the region prior to the migration of Turkic tribes who are believed to have merged with the local population and imparted their language and created something of a hybrid Turko-Iranian culture

 

the suffix "stan" ; "istan"

http://www.worldatlas.com/aatlas/infopage/stan.htm

Numerous countries in Central Asia have a name that ends in "istan," including:

  • Afghanistan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Pakistan
  • Tajikistan
  • Turkmenistan
  • Uzbekistan

As a generally accepted explanation, the suffix "stan" is an ancient Persian and/or Farsi word meaning country, nation, land, or place of, so, the country name of Afghanistan would then mean "homeland" of the Afghans, or place of the Afghans.

Country Name Definitions

  • Afghanistan Varied versions of Afghan are traced to the third century. Some historians feel the name derived from a 9th century Iranian emperor named Apakan.
  • Pakistan One of the variations regarding "stan" is this: It's said that the modern name Pakistan was formed by combining the suffix "stan" from the existing territory of Baluchistan, with the first letters of Pashtun, Afghan, Kasmir and India, thus PAKIstan Another option, verified by numerous sources, is that Pakistan is a composition of two words "PAK" and "ISTAN". PAK is a Persian/Urdu word meaning "Holy/ Pure/ Clean and "ISTAN" stands for "HOMELAND". Then the true meanings resolves to "Homeland of the Holy People".
  • Tajikistan In Persian, taj means "crown" and ik means "head," so tajik means "a person wearing a crown on his head." Tajiks were originally Persians.
  • Turkmenistan In the Turkic language, turk refers to the ancient Turks of Asia. The word men means "I" or "me." Turkmen then means "I am a Turk." The Turkmen originally known as the Oghuz, came from what we now call Mongolia.
  • Uzbekistan Uzbek is considered to come from two turkish words: vz, which means "genuine," and bek, which means "genuine man." The Uzbeks are a mixture of nomadic Turkic tribes and ancient Iranian peoples.

History

The territory of Turkmenistan has a long history, as armies from one empire after another decamped there on their way to more prosperous territories. The region's written history begins with its conquest by the Achaemenid Empire of ancient Persia, as the region was divided between the satrapies of Margiana, Khorezm and Parthia

Alexander the Great conquered the territory in the 4th century BC on his way to Central Asia, around the time that the Silk Road was established as a major trading route between Asia and the Mediterranean Region

Approximately 80 years later, Persia's Parthian Kingdom established its capital in Nisa, now in the suburbs of the capital, Ashgabat. After replacement of the Parthian empire by Persian Sassanids, another native Iranian dynasty, the region remained territory of the Persian empire for several centuries.

In the 7th century AD, Arabs conquered this region, introducing Islam. The Turkmenistan region soon came to be known as the capital of Greater Khorasan, when the caliph Al-Ma'mun moved his capital to Merv

In the middle of the 11th century, the Turkoman-ruled Seljuk Empire concentrated its strength in the territory of modern Turkmenistan in an attempt to expand into Khorasan (modern Afghanistan). The empire broke down in the second half of the 12th century, and the Turkmen lost their independence when Genghis Khan took control of the eastern Caspian Sea region on his march west.

For the next seven centuries, the Turkmen people lived under various empires and fought constant inter-tribal wars. Little is documented of Turkmen history prior to Russian engagement. However, from the 13th to the 16th centuries, Turkmen formed a distinct ethnolinguistic group. As the Turkmen migrated from the area around the Mangyshlak Peninsula in contemporary Kazakhstan toward the Iranian border region and the Amu Darya basin, tribal Turkmen society further developed cultural traditions that became the foundation of Turkmen national consciousness

Between the 17th and 19th centuries, control of Turkmenistan was fought over by the rulers of Afghanistan, Persian Shahs, Khivan Khans and the Emirs of Bukhara. During this period, Turkmen spiritual leader Magtymguly Pyragy reached prominence with his efforts to secure independence and autonomy for his people. In 1885, the Russian forces seized the Afghan territory of the Panjdeh oasis (around modern-day Serhetabat in Turkmenistan) during the Panjdeh Incident.

According to Paul R. Spickard, "Prior to the Soviet conquest, the Turkmen were known and feared for their involvement in the Central Asian slave trade. The neighboring rural villages of Persia and Afghanistan were the main victims of Turkmen raids, in which groups of armed men on horseback would carry away captives to be sold in the slave markets of Khiva, Bukhara, and Mari

At this time, the vast territory of Central Asia including the region of Turkmenistan was largely unmapped and virtually unknown to Europe and the Western world. Rivalry for control of the area between the British Empire and Tsarist Russia was characterized as The Great Game. Throughout their conquest of Central Asia, the Russians were met with the stiffest resistance by the Turkmen. By 1894, however, Russia had gained control of Turkmenistan and incorporated it into its empire.

Soviet Union

The rivalry officially concluded with the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907. Slowly, Russian and European cultures were introduced to the area. This was evident in the architecture of the newly formed city of Ashgabat, which became the capital. The October Revolution of 1917 in Russia and the subsequent political unrest led to the declaration of the area as the Turkmen SSR, one of the six republics of the Soviet Union in 1924, assuming the borders of modern Turkmenistan.

The new Turkmen SSR went through a process of further Europeanization. The tribalTurkmen people were encouraged to become secular and adopt European-style clothing. The alphabet in use for the Turkmen language was changed from the traditional Arabic script to Latin and finally to Cyrillic (Niyazov later changed the alphabet back to a Latin-based one). However, bringing the Turkmens to abandon their previous nomadic ways in favor of communism was not fully embraced until as late as 1948. Nationalist organizations in the region also existed during the 1920s and the 1930s. The Ashgabat earthquake of 1948 killed over 110,000 people, amounting to 2/3s of the city's population. The national policies of the Soviet Union, particularly in the 1920s and 1930s, actually promoted "the invention of Turkmen traditions". Turkmen was enjoying preferable treatment in the Soviet administration and educational system and during the Stalin years the republic had become more national in form including the establishment of Turkman as the official language.

Independence

When the Soviet Union began to collapse, Turkmenistan and the rest of the Central Asian republics first heavily favored maintaining a reformed version of the state, mainly because they needed the economic power and common markets of the Soviet Union to prosper. Nevertheless, Turkmenistan declared independence on 27 October 1991, albeit one of the last Soviet republics to secede. Turkmenistan gained official recognition on 25 December 1991, a day before the final dissolution of the Soviet Union. Turkmenistan joined the U.N. the following year.

In 1991, Turkmenistan became a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, an international organization of former Soviet republics. However, Turkmenistan reduced its status in the organization to "associate member" in August 2005. The reason stated by the Turkmen president was the country's policy of permanent neutrality.

 The former leader of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic, Saparmurat Niyazov, remained in power as Turkmenistan's leader after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Under his post-Soviet rule, Russian-Turkmen relations greatly suffered

He styled himself as a promoter of traditionalMuslim and Turkmen culture (calling himself "Türkmenbaşy", or "leader of the Turkmen people"), but he became notorious in the West for his dictatorial rule and extravagant cult of personality. The extent of his power greatly increased during the early 1990s, and in 1999 he became President for Life !!!.

Niyazov died unexpectedly on 21 December 2006.

In an election on 11 February 2007, Berdimuhamedow was elected president with 89% of the vote and 95% turnout. !!! He was sworn in on 14 February 2007.                            

 

effort to delete Iranian culture 

After end of the Soviet Union, the satellites States were suddenly alone ;
Politicians stood up suddenly 
vis à vis economic , political and cultural problems

Solve political and economical problems was easier than cultural problems, because before communism these States belonged in range of Iranian cultural influence and later Russian influence

Now do what?
They had to build a independent culture as an independent state
But how?
They have committed Cultural theft

They try and try always appropriate Iranian scientists or artists who where born or grew up or worked under Iranian government even if they have never written a word or created something Turk or Uzbek   

These Iranians knew Arabic and Turkic language now they called them Arab (Persian Golf States) and Turk, How does it work?

First starts lying in schools and texts in school books (Mind control)

Then comes stamps and banknotes with their images

Then comes films of them of course in their language

Then they install sculptures as Turkish or Azerbaijan or Uzbek scientist or artist or Poet:everywhere

Turkey does Such a policy and wants to present Jalal ad-Din ar-Rumi as Turkish philosopher

Incredible, isn't it ??

Imagine that one other country wants to acquire Ernst Hemingway and Jack London and do such a things (start with lying in schools and texts in school books (Mind control) then comes with stamps and banknotes with their pictures and then with film of course in their language and then they install sculptures as Turk or Azerbaijan or Uzbek or Arab scientist or artist or poet:everywhere

Imagine that one other country wants to acquire Victor Hugo und Guy de Maupassant and do such a things (start with lying in schools and texts in school books (Mind control) then comes with stamps and banknotes with their pictures and then with film of course in their language and then they install sculptures as Turk or Azerbaijan or Uzbek or Arab scientist or artist or poet:everywhere

Imagine that one other country wants to acquire Mozart  and Johann Strauss and do such a things (start with lying in schools and texts in school books (Mind control) then comes with stamps and banknotes with their pictures and then with film of course in their language and then they install sculptures as Turk or Azerbaijan or Uzbek or Arab scientist or artist or poet:everywhere

 

How angry are you? We, Iranians are angry
This cultural theft operate Turkey, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan , some Persian Golf States and Turkemenistan now.

 

 

here you can see how the authority of azerbayjan demolish Persian poems by digging of and replace with their writings

 

 

Well think about this Subject

 

             Khwarezm (Turkmenistan)

 

ndependence from the Soviet Union

 - 

Declared

27 October 1991 

 - 

Recognized

25 December 1991 

Area

 - 

Total

491,210 km (52nd)
188,456 sq mi

 - 

Water (%)

4.9

Population

 - 

2014 estimate

5,171,943 (112th)

 - 

Density

10.5/km2 (208th)
27.1/sq mi

 

                           Iran

 

Area

 - 

Total

1,648,195 km2 (18th)
636,372 sq mi

 - 

Water (%)

0.7

Population

 - 

2013 estimate

77,176,930 (17th)

 - 

Density

48/km2 (162rd)
124/sq mi

                   Iran                         Khwarezm (Turkmenistan

        Khwarezmid Empire 1190-1220

    

Could be This area belongs to the Turks and Turkish-speaking? No

Because The ancestors of the Turks did not belong to the region

The ancestors of the Turks were from Around China area and They raided

 This area , They had no common culture with the people of this region 

 

Could be This area belongs to the Russians and Russian-speaking? No

Because The ancestors of the Russians were not from area and They raided

This area , They had no common culture with the people of this region 

 

Iran remains the only historically and culturally always been in the area and knows it

Just look at the names and religion and tourist center, and the old tradition that brings us to the land of Persia, Khwarezm is a part of Iran and always will be and we Iranians do not forget

 

Now, understand that, What should the Iranian nation policy be?

 

First, should the Iranian people, especially people of Khwarezm know and be aware of real history and the real owners of Khwarezm

 

Second, the political, cultural and economic of government policy Should be a close relationship with the ancestral homeland of the Persians Khwarezm 

This region is a priority in Iran relationship like province of Iran

 

Third, the government should inform people of Khwarezm that everyone can learn   native culture.and language and customs to live in freedom and peace.

 

We will not repeat the violence and bullying, and the things that our ancestors   suffered

 

Fourth, Iranian government should tell the people of Khwarezm and know that only a strong alliance with Iran will keep all of the risks

No country other than Iran, with a common religion, history and culture with eighty million backup is better for them

 

Fifth, Iranian government must insist that Khwarezm will be accepted with open arms accepting the Iranian constitution

 

Freedom of residence for all people of Khwarezm.in Iran

Freedom of working for all people of Khwarezm in Iran

Freedom of trade for all people of Khwarezm in Iran

Freedom of education for all people of Khwarezm in Iran

social security and more Will guarantee for all people of Khwarezm in Iran

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